The position of the Catholic Church is very clear on this matter.
For a marriage to be recognized by the Catholic Church, it must be performed in a Church (unless otherwise canonically dispensed as in a Jewish-Christian marriage) in order for the marriage to be both valid and licit. The radical sanation of an invalid marriage is its convalidation without the renewal of consent, which is granted by competent authority and entails the dispensation from an impediment, if there is one, and from canonical form, if it was not observed, and the retroactivity of canonical effects. Convalidation occurs at the moment of the granting of the favor.
On the matter of "marriage convalidation" in the Catholic Canon Law, it states: THE CONVALIDATION OF MARRIAGE Art. Canon Law # 1157 The renewal of consent must be a new act of the will concerning a marriage which the renewing party knows or thinks was null from the beginning. If the impediment is public, both parties must renew the consent in canonical form, without prejudice to the prescript of Canon Law # 1127 2. If the impediment cannot be proven, it is sufficient that the party conscious of the impediment renews the consent privately and in secret, provided that the other perseveres in the consent offered; if the impediment is known to both parties, both are to renew the consent. A marriage which is invalid because of a defect of consent is convalidated if the party who did not consent now consents, provided that the consent given by the other party perseveres. If the defect of consent cannot be proven, it is sufficient that the party who did not consent gives consent privately and in secret. If the defect of consent can be proven, the consent must be given in canonical form. To remedy the situation, the couple must present itself as a couple to the parish priest.
Canon Law # 1160 A marriage which is null because of defect of form must be contracted anew in canonical form in order to become valid, without prejudice to the prescript of ? It needs to demonstrate that it entered into the non-canonical marriage without malice or deception.
(pages 1-234 available online), ISBN 0-943616-22-0October 10-13, 1983, San Francisco, California Click on any of the articles to download (free to members, .00 per article for non-members) Major Addresses: CLSA Proceedings (1990), 52nd Annual Convention, 333 pp.
(pages 1-234 available online), ISBN 0-943616-49-2October 14-18, 1990, Cleveland, Ohio, Theme: "The 1983 Code of Canon Law: Seven Years Later” Major Addresses CLSA Proceedings (1995), 57th Annual Convention, 508 pp.
PANGANIBAN, J.: The Family Code of the Philippines provides an entirely new ground (in addition to those enumerated in the Civil Code) to assail the validity of a marriage, namely, "psychological incapacity." Since the Code's effectivity, our courts have been swamped with various petitions to declare marriages void based on this ground.
COURT OF APPEALS and RORIDEL OLAVIANO MOLINA, respondents.
"Marriage convalidation" means to have your marriage "recognized" (or blessed) by the Catholic Church.
Those who usually seek a convalidation, it is because they married outside of the Catholic Church/parish.
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