Ukrainian Jews are comprised by a number of sub-groups, including Ashkenazi Jews, Mountain Jews, Bukharan Jews, Crimean Karaites, Krymchak Jews and Georgian Jews.
In the westernmost area of Ukraine, Jews were mentioned for the first time in 1030.
(Editor’s note: Corrections and updates for this article are listed at the end of it.See also Bennett Muraskin’s follow-up piece by clicking here.The presence of Jewish people in the European part of Russia can be traced to the 7th–14th centuries CE.In the 11th and 12th centuries, the Jewish population in Kiev, in present-day Ukraine, was restricted to a separate quarter.In the Ukrainian People's Republic, Yiddish was a state language along with Ukrainian and Russian.
At that time there was created the Jewish National Union and the community was granted an autonomous status.
In 2001, 8 countries had a Jewish population of 100,000 or more; another 5 countries had 50,000 or more.
There is not a single Diaspora country where Jews amounted to 2.5 percent of the total population. Gibraltar (24.), United States (20.1), Canada (11.9), France (8.8), Uruguay (6.7), Argentina (5.3), Hungary (5.2), and Australia (5.1)What this means is that 90% of world Jewry is contained in only 6 countries. South Africa and Australia, also English speaking, are also reckoned in the first 14 countries.
Ashkenazi Jews, Sephardic Jews, Ukrainian Jews, Belarusian Jews, Lithuanian Jews, Latvian Jews, Czech Jews, Hungarian Jews, Polish Jews, Slovak Jews, Serbian Jews, Romanian Jews, Crimean Karaites, Krymchaks, Mountain Jews, Bukharan Jews, Georgian Jews Within these territories the primarily Ashkenazi Jewish communities of many different areas flourished and developed many of modern Judaism's most distinctive theological and cultural traditions, while also facing periods of anti-Semitic discriminatory policies and persecutions.
The largest group among Russian Jews are Ashkenazi Jews, but the community also includes a significant number of other Diasporan Jewish groups, such as Mountain Jews, Sephardic Jews (of Iberian ancestry), Crimean Karaites, Krymchaks, Bukharan Jews, and Georgian Jews.
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